Othello Act 5 Summary Response
- Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
Othello Act 5, written by William Shakespeare, demonstrates how acts of revenge have many negative consequences.
- Supporting ideas to prove main ideas
In Act 5 of Othello, Shakespeare illustrates how Iago’s plan for revenge leads to his own demise. Iago’s obsession with revenge leads to not only his own self-destruction, but the deaths of those he manipulates.
- Explanation of ideas
Iago’s plan for revenge has started to reach its abrupt end when the murder of Cassio is attempted by Roderigo who fails and ends up being killed by Iago. Hearing the screams of murder, Othello believes it is time to kill Desdemona for her unfaithfulness, which was not true but manufactured by Iago. Iago’s downfall eventually comes when Emelia confesses that she found the special handkerchief and gave it to her husband to use in his plan of revenge which finally provides evidence of Iago’s scheming.
- Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Act 5 of Shakespeare’s Othello, clearly portrays how acts of revenge have a negative outcome and result in the demise of multiple characters.
- Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________
Othello Act 5, written by William Shakespeare, correctly portrays the negative consequences of revenge because many of the characters Iago manipulates end up dying and Iago will soon join them.
- Claim 1: Roderigo’s trust in the scheming, revengeful Iago eventually causes his own death.
From the beginning of the story, Roderigo has put his trust in Iago because he believed that Iago could help him win the love of Desdemona. At this time, Iago knew that he needed Roderigo for his plan of revenge to be successful so he lead him on until the time came for Roderigo to take the fall for Iago’s actions. While doing this, Roderigo realizes that Iago has not been trying to help him win over Desdemona afterall, but has been manipulating him.
- Evidence: After Iago stabs Cassio in the leg, Iago goes over to the wounded Roderigo to finish him off so he will not be able to reveal Iago’s secrets. “ Oh damned Iago! O inhuman dog!” (Shakespeare 5.1. 229).
- Explanation of quotation to prove claim Roderigo, in his last moments, finally realizes that he was being played by Iago. However, by then it was too late because he was already taking one of his last breaths.Iago’s obsession with revenge ended very tragically for Roderigo.
- Counterclaim 1: However, one might consider that even though Roderigo trusted the wrong person, Iago showed some compassion at times to Roderigo and tried to help him.
- Set-up As Scene 5 begins, Iago is coaching Roderigo how to kill Cassio. Iago is giving Roderigo good advice so his ambush of Cassio will be successful.
- Evidence: At the beginning of Act 5, Iago tells Roderigo, “Here, stand behind this bulk, straight will he come. Wear thy good rapier bare, and put it home. Quick, quick! Fear nothing. I’ll be at thy elbow. It makes us, or it mars us. Think on that, And fix most firm thy resolution” (Shakespeare 5.1. 223).
- Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim Iago is telling Roderigo how to hide from Cassio, how to stab him, and encouraging him to be brave. Roderigo asks Iago to stay close to him and Iago agrees.
- What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? Use the rebuttal progression
I used to think that revenge might be justified when a person is severely wronged. We cannot deny that revenge feels good because people who do wrong deserve to be penalized. In fact, the Bible even makes mention of retaliation, “...eye for eye, tooth for tooth…” However, like we see in Othello, the person who deems retaliation is necessary is not always credible. Iago held grudges against people who may never have wronged him or may have slightly wronged him. The losses that fueled Iago’s desire for revenge were minor compared to the losses he inflicted.
- Concluding sentence: restate main idea