Othello Act 5 Summary Response-Redo
- Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
Othello Act 5, written by William Shakespeare, demonstrates how acts of revenge have many negative consequences.
- Supporting ideas to prove main ideas
In Act 5 of Othello, Shakespeare illustrates how Iago’s plan for revenge leads to his own demise. Iago’s obsession with revenge results in not only his own self-destruction, but the deaths of those he manipulates.
- Explanation of ideas
Iago’s plan for revenge has started to reach its abrupt end when Roderigo attempts the murder of Cassio who fails and ends up killed by Iago. Hearing the screams of murder, Othello believes it is time to kill Desdemona for her unfaithfulness, which was not true but manufactured by Iago in order to seek revenge against Othello. Iago’s downfall eventually comes when Emelia confesses that she found the special handkerchief and gave it to Iago. This finally provides evidence of Iago’s revenge plot and exposes his destructive actions to the other characters.
- Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Act 5 of Shakespeare’s Othello, portrays how acts of revenge have a negative outcome and result in the demise of multiple characters.
- Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________
Othello Act 5, written by William Shakespeare, correctly presents the negative consequences of revenge because many of the characters Iago manipulates in his attempt carry out his revenge scheme end up dying and Iago will soon join them.
- Claim 1: Roderigo’s trust in the scheming, revengeful Iago eventually causes his own death.
From the beginning of the play, Roderigo has put his trust in Iago because he believed Iago could help him win the love of Desdemona. At this time, Iago knew he needed Roderigo for his plan of revenge to be successful so he led him on until the time came for Roderigo to take the fall for Iago’s actions. While doing this, Roderigo realizes that Iago has not been trying to help him win over Desdemona afterall, but has been manipulating him so Iago can extract his revenge on Othello.
- Evidence: After Iago stabs Cassio in the leg, Iago goes over to the wounded Roderigo to finish him off so he will not be able to reveal Iago’s secrets. “Oh damned Iago! O inhuman dog!”, (Shakespeare 5.1. 229).
- Explanation of quotation to prove claim Roderigo, in his last moments, finally realizes that he was being played by Iago. However, by then it was too late because he was already taking one of his last breaths. Iago’s obsession with revenge ended very tragically for Roderigo.
- Counterclaim 1: However, one might consider that even though Roderigo trusted the wrong person, Iago demonstrated some compassion at times to Roderigo and tried to help him.
- Set-up As Scene 5 begins, Iago coaches Roderigo how to kill Cassio. Iago gives Roderigo good advice so his ambush of Cassio will be successful.
- Evidence: At the beginning of Act 5, Iago tells Roderigo, “Here, stand behind this bulk, straight will he come. Wear thy good rapier bare, and put it home. Quick, quick! Fear nothing. I’ll be at thy elbow. It makes us, or it mars us. Think on that, And fix most firm thy resolution”, (Shakespeare 5.1. 223).
- Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim Iago tells Roderigo how to hide from Cassio, how to stab him, and encourages him to be brave because Roderigo is Iago’s friend and Roderigo is willing to help Iago seek revenge. Roderigo asks Iago to stay close to him and Iago agrees because he wants to ensure Roderigo completes the job.
- What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? Use the rebuttal progression
One used to think that Iago had Roderigo’s best interests at heart. One cannot deny he helps Roderigo by acting as his go-between with Desdemona. However, as the reader sees, it is much more complicated than that. Iago held grudges against people who may never have wronged him or may have only slightly wronged him. Iago was a master liar and manipulator and people died as a result of his revenge-driven scheme. The losses that fueled Iago’s desire for revenge were minor compared to the losses he inflicted.
- Concluding sentence: restate main idea
In Act 5 of Othello, Shakespeare expertly portrays how revengeful actions can have extremely tragic consequences.